AWS architecture overview

AWS Platform architecture

Cloud Archi­tect has become one of the talk­ing points asso­ci­at­ed with the cloud that I’m quite cer­tain you might have heard. But who is a Cloud Archi­tect and what does a Cloud Archi­tect do? Stick with me until the very end of this arti­cle as we exam­ine and ana­lyze the archi­tec­tur­al con­cepts that com­prise cloud com­put­ing ser­vices. Cloud com­put­ing neces­si­tates the uni­fi­ca­tion and col­lab­o­ra­tion of mul­ti­ple tech­nolo­gies and ser­vice providers, all of which con­tribute to the effec­tive­ness of this new mod­el. We will learn about their respec­tive roles as well as the wide­ly rec­og­nized tech­nolo­gies used in the cloud com­put­ing envi­ron­ment. We will also look at the ben­e­fits and of some of them.

What is Cloud Com­put­ing Archi­tec­ture #

Cloud com­put­ing archi­tec­ture con­sists of a vari­ety of com­po­nents and sub­com­po­nents uti­lized for cloud com­put­ing in terms of data­bas­es, soft­ware capa­bil­i­ties, appli­ca­tions, and so on that are designed to har­ness the pow­er of cloud resources to over­come real-world prob­lems. These com­po­nents often include a front-end plat­form, back-end plat­forms, cloud-based deliv­ery, and a net­work. These ele­ments, when inte­grat­ed, form the cloud com­put­ing architecture. 

The com­po­nents of the cloud, as well as the inter­ac­tions between them, are defined by cloud archi­tec­ture. Cloud com­put­ing archi­tec­ture gives rise to the devel­op­ment of Cloud solu­tions based on archi­tec­tur­al tech­niques and method­olo­gies estab­lished over the last 20 years. A Cloud Archi­tect is in charge of trans­lat­ing a project’s oper­a­tional spec­i­fi­ca­tions into the archi­tec­ture and styling that will gov­ern the final prod­uct. Cloud Archi­tects are fre­quent­ly in charge of nar­row­ing the gap between sophis­ti­cat­ed busi­ness chal­lenges and cloud-based solu­tions. Oth­er mem­bers of a tech­nol­o­gy team, such as DevOps devel­op­ers and design­ers, col­lab­o­rate with the Cloud Archi­tect to build suit­able tech­nol­o­gy or technologies.

Com­po­nents of Cloud Com­put­ing Archi­tec­ture #

The word archi­tec­ture aris­es from build­ing con­struc­tion and refers to the art or skill of design­ing and devel­op­ing struc­tures. While it refers to the art form in reg­u­lar terms this term also express­es how func­tion­al­i­ty is accom­plished using basic guide­lines. In the domain of infor­ma­tion tech­nol­o­gy, when one of the com­po­nents along the ser­vice chain fails, the cloud exe­cu­tion will fail. The front-end and back-end are the two main com­po­nents of cloud com­put­ing archi­tec­ture, with the front-end being the part vis­i­ble to the end-user. This includes the desk­top or any oth­er end-user device (such as a mobile phone), the brows­er, and the net­work. The back-end is a com­po­nent of cloud com­put­ing archi­tec­ture that is con­cealed behind the net­work and encom­pass­es a vari­ety of appli­ca­tions, soft­ware, com­put­ers, and data stor­age devices.

Cloud Archi­tec­ture is made up of the fol­low­ing sub-components:

  • On-premise resources
  • Cloud resources
  • Soft­ware com­po­nents and services
  • Mid­dle­ware

The com­plete cloud archi­tec­ture is ded­i­cat­ed to pro­vid­ing users with increased chan­nel capac­i­ty, allow­ing users to have con­tin­u­ous access to data and appli­ca­tions on-demand flex­i­ble net­works with the abil­i­ty to move fast and effec­tive­ly between servers or clouds, and, most per­ti­nent­ly, net­work secu­ri­ty. Sev­er­al ele­ments and play­ers are used to devise the cloud com­put­ing archi­tec­ture. Users or sub­scribers, bro­kers, ser­vice con­cep­tu­al­iz­ers, resource allo­ca­tors, and Cloud providers are among them. Users or ser­vice sub­scribers are prin­ci­pal­ly the indi­vid­u­als who use cloud ser­vices either in the SaaS, PaaS, or IaaS mod­els. Bro­kers serve as an inter­face between the cloud provider and the user to shield the user from the chal­lenges of the cloud.

The bro­ker acts as a mid­dle­man, pro­vid­ing ser­vices such as authen­tic­i­ty man­age­ment pro­duc­tiv­i­ty doc­u­ment­ing and improved secu­ri­ty. Ser­vice con­cep­tu­al­iz­ers are agents in charge of con­cep­tu­al­iz­ing and cre­at­ing cloud-host­ed ser­vices pro­vid­ed by a cloud ser­vice provider. They charge a fee to deliv­er these ser­vices to users/​brokers – they build appli­ca­tions and deliv­er them to users and bro­kers. Resource Allo­ca­tor acts as a liai­son between users and cloud ser­vice providers. They are in charge of resource man­age­ment and ensur­ing qual­i­ty of service.

The core mem­ber in the cloud archi­tec­tur­al sys­tem is known as the cloud provider, which offers cloud ser­vices. Ama­zon, Microsoft, IBM, and Google are a few exam­ples. They are in charge of pro­vid­ing and oper­at­ing com­put­ing infra­struc­ture, respec­tive­ly hard­ware, and soft­ware, to deliv­er cloud ser­vices to users via the Inter­net. The cloud provider’s role will vary con­tin­gent on the form of cloud ser­vices, such as SaaS, PaaS, or IaaS.

AWS Archi­tec­ture #

AWS is an abbre­vi­a­tion for Ama­zon Web Ser­vices, which has cre­at­ed a set of cloud ser­vices that are com­mon­ly used by most orga­ni­za­tions, small com­pa­nies, and gov­ern­ment agen­cies. It enables busi­ness­es to con­trol high traf­fic while stor­ing videos and vast amounts of data. AWS EC2 is the fun­da­men­tal struc­ture of AWS Archi­tec­ture, which offers cloud com­put­ing ser­vices. This is the cen­tral com­po­nent of AWS, with EC2 stand­ing for Elas­tic Com­pute Cloud. EC2 enables con­sumers to use vir­tu­al machines of var­i­ous con­fig­u­ra­tions based on their needs. It sup­ports var­i­ous con­fig­u­ra­tion alter­na­tives serv­er map­ping, pay­ment options, and so on.

Sim­ply put, EC2 enables clients or users to use diverse con­fig­u­ra­tions in their tasks or approach based on their needs. There are also numer­ous fan­tas­tic options avail­able, such as pay­ment options, indi­vid­ual serv­er map­ping, con­fig­u­ra­tion serv­er, and so on. S3, which is part of the AWS archi­tec­ture, is known as Sim­ple Stor­age Ser­vices. Using this S3, users can quick­ly extract or store data from a vari­ety of data types by mak­ing use of Appli­ca­tion Pro­gram­ming Inter­face calls (APIs). There will also be no com­put­ing com­po­nent for the services.

Key Com­po­nents of AWS Archi­tec­ture #

Load Bal­anc­ing

The load-bal­anc­ing ele­ment of the AWS archi­tec­ture con­tributes to the prop­er enhance­ment of the appli­ca­tion and serv­er effec­tive­ness. A hard­ware load bal­ancer is com­mon­ly used as a per­va­sive net­work device and aids in the per­for­mance of exper­tise in con­ven­tion­al web appli­ca­tion archi­tec­tures. It also ensures that the Elas­tic Load Bal­anc­ing Ser­vice is deliv­ered, and that traf­fic is dis­persed to EC2 instances from var­i­ous acces­si­ble sources It also allo­cates traf­fic to dynam­ic addi­tion and removes Ama­zon EC2 hosts from the load-bal­anc­ing rotation.

Elas­tic Load Balancer/​Balancing

Elas­tic Load Bal­ancer is pri­mar­i­ly used to dis­trib­ute required traf­fic to web servers, but it also sig­nif­i­cant­ly improves effi­cien­cy. This Elas­tic Load Bal­anc­ing can grow quick­ly adap­tive­ly, and the load-bal­anc­ing capac­i­ty can also be reduced depend­ing on the traf­fic sit­u­a­tions. Load bal­anc­ing can eas­i­ly reduce and enhance its capac­i­ty by opti­miz­ing some of the traf­fic require­ments and it facil­i­tates sticky ses­sions to pro­vide exten­sive rout­ing services

Ama­zon Cloud Front

Ama­zon Cloud Front is pri­mar­i­ly used for data dis­tri­b­u­tion that is imme­di­ate­ly used for web­site ser­vice. The prod­uct in the Ama­zon Cloud Front can also be of var­i­ous types, such as sta­t­ic, dynam­ic, and stream­ing con­tent, and it can also make use of glob­al net­work loca­tions. From the user’s per­spec­tive, data can be demand­ed instant­ly based on the loca­tion of the user, which also has a dis­tinct impact on per­for­mance, which will be improved in the right way. There will be no finan­cial oblig­a­tions in terms of month­ly pay­ments or contracts.

Secu­ri­ty Management

It ensures the avail­abil­i­ty of a secu­ri­ty fea­ture regard­ed as secu­ri­ty groups. It func­tions sim­i­lar­ly to the inbound net­work fire­wall in that it must explic­it­ly state the ports, pro­to­cols, and source IP ranges from which all of these can be accessed by the EC2 instances. Secu­ri­ty groups can be equipped with the aid of spe­cial­ized sub­nets or IP address­es to effi­cient­ly reduce access to EC2 instances.

Elas­tic Cache

Ama­zon Elas­tic Cache is a use­ful web ser­vice that allows you to eas­i­ly man­age your mem­o­ry cache in the cloud. This cache is crit­i­cal for mem­o­ry man­age­ment and will aid in reduc­ing the service’s load con­sis­tent­ly. It also ensures that the effec­tive­ness and robust­ness of the data­base on the tier are improved by caching reg­u­lar­ly used information.

Ama­zon RDS

Ama­zon Rela­tion­al Data­base Ser­vice pro­vides access equiv­a­lent to MySql, Microsoft SQL Serv­er data­base engine, or Microsoft SQL; these appli­ca­tions, queries, and tools will also be rel­e­vant in Ama­zon RDS.

Key Advan­tages of AWS Archi­tec­ture #

The fol­low­ing are the pri­ma­ry advan­tages and appli­ca­tions of AWS Architecture: 

  • It has numer­ous advan­tages as a result of the sig­nif­i­cant economies of scale. 
  • It also aids in reduc­ing guess­ing capac­i­ty and can con­ve­nient­ly achieve greater eco­nom­ic rates, which can trans­late eas­i­ly from low­er to high­er prices. 
  • It can con­ve­nient­ly improve adapt­abil­i­ty and speed reduc­ing the time required to accom­plish a task.

The abil­i­ty to effec­tive­ly par­ti­tion phys­i­cal resources into tiny but more flex­i­ble vir­tu­al units is the foun­da­tion of cloud com­put­ing. Cor­po­ra­tions can rent” these units on a pay-as-you-go basis and use them to meet the demands of vir­tu­al­ly any net­worked appli­ca­tion and/​or work­flow in a cost-effec­tive, scal­able, and flex­i­ble manner. 

Ama­zon Web Ser­vices offers depend­able and safe resources that are recre­at­ed and dis­bursed glob­al­ly across an increas­ing num­ber of regions and acces­si­bil­i­ty zones Although the Shared Respon­si­bil­i­ty Mod­el puts users in con­trol of what users put in the cloud, the AWS plat­form is designed to be able to com­ply with best-prac­tice and reg­u­la­to­ry stan­dards. AWS’s expand­ing fam­i­ly of ser­vices address­es near­ly every dig­i­tal need imag­in­able, with cru­cial ser­vices high­light­ing com­pute, net­work­ing, data­base, stor­age, secu­ri­ty, and appli­ca­tion man­age­ment and inte­gra­tion requirements.