AWS EC2 overview

Amazon Web Services has been one of the prominent market Cloud Service Providers. At over 32% of the global public cloud customer base, it's no coincidence that AWS serves over 190 countries and is recognized for the 200+ services it provides with a scalable, efficient, and low-cost infrastructure. And one of the most powerful and widely used cloud services is Amazon EC2 (Elastic Cloud Compute), which is seamlessly one of the market's most highly regarded Cloud services.

This article will assist you in thoroughly understanding and exploring AWS EC2. Amazon EC2 is a service that offers scalable computing capacity in the AWS cloud. Using it allows organizations to develop and deploy applications more quickly, without having to spend money on hardware upfront. A user-friendly interface allows users to start up virtual servers, customize security and networking, and manage cookies. We explored AWS Management Console in the previous article. Today, we will delve deeper into the analysis of Amazon EC2 or Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud and its functionalities.

A conventional data center/server room's key objective is its valuable servers. However, for those servers to be effective, you will need to install racks, power supplies, cabling, switches, firewalls, and cooling. The Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) of Amazon Web Services (AWS) is intended to imitate, i.e, act as a replica of the As much as possible, replicate the data center room experience.

The EC2 virtual server, identified as an instance, is at the heart of it all. However, similar to the local server room I just mentioned, EC2 supplies a set of tools to assist and improve the operational activities of your instance. Amazon EC2 is without a question the most popular AWS service, allowing users to deploy and manage server instances at any moment and for as long as they require.

What exactly is AWS EC2?

EC2 is the bedrock compute element of the technology stack among the wide assortment of services provided by Amazon. In principle, EC2 simplifies the lives of developers by ensuring reliable, scalable compute capacity in the cloud. It immensely streamlines the task of scaling up or down, can be incorporated into a variety of other services, and comes with a pay-as-you-go plan. Amazon EC2 is one of the most popular and fundamental services offered by Amazon, so it makes logical sense, to begin with, EC2 if you are unfamiliar with AWS. But the first question is, what exactly is EC2 in AWS?

To put it simply, it is a computer with your preferred operating system and hardware components. The distinction is that it is entirely virtualized. Multiple virtual computers can be executed on a single piece of physical hardware. However, AWS EC2 is a compute service that offers IaaS services on the AWS Cloud Platform. IaaS is an abbreviation for Infrastructure as a Service. That is, AWS offers a comprehensive infrastructure that you can configure to suit your requirements, allowing you to create and deploy applications more quickly. Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) is a critical component of the AWS environment. In the AWS cloud, EC2 facilitates on-demand, scalable computing capacity.

Amazon EC2 instances eradicate the necessities for upfront hardware financing, as well as the, have to sustain any rented hardware. It allows you to develop and run applications more quickly. AWS EC2 allows you to deploy as many virtual servers as you require You can also scale up or down in response to an increment or decline in website traffic.

The term ‘elastic' in Elastic Compute Cloud refers to the system's flexibility to cope with fluctuating workloads and availability or de-provision resources based on consumption Using EC2, you can initiate various types of instances. Let us first describe what instances are. Consider Instances, which are nothing more than microcomputers with their own small storage, network, and compute capacity. Instances are the name given to these microcomputers.

In a more technical sense, these are simply virtual machines that exist on a server but appear to be operating on your system. Amazon EC2 provides instances that can operate a Windows operating system, an Ubuntu or Linux operating system, or a combination of the two. It is conceivable to take backups of data, as well as generate copies or frameworks of currently used instances, using these instances. AWS EC2 has a large family of EC2 instances that differ depending on several considerations. AWS EC2 instances are classified as follows:

  1. General Purpose Instances
  2. Compute Optimized
  3. Memory-Optimized
  4. Storage Optimized
  5. Accelerated Computing

Features of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

AWS EC2 best features:

  • When you end or abort your instance, storage volumes for temporary data are erased; these are regarded as instance store volumes.
  • The term "virtual computing environments," is regarded as "instances".
  • A framework containing a software structure such as an operating system, servers, and applications is known as an Amazon Machine Image (AMI). This feature is needed for the server because it offers pre-configured formats for your instances, which are recognized as Amazon Machine Images.
  • Amazon EBS uses Elastic Block Store to supply you with prolonged storage volumes for your data.
  • AWS EC2 offers multiple storage locations for your resources, including instances and EBS volumes, referred to as regions and availability zones.
  • Tags are generated for creating and allocating metadata to resources.
  • The Elastic IP address, which is a static IPv4, is created for dynamic cloud computing.
  • For your instances, diverse setups of hardware, memory, storage, and networking potential are referred to as instance varieties.
  • The term "Virtual Private Network" refers to virtual networks that you infrequently link to your network.
  • AWS EC2 has multiple locations around the world. These locations are divided into regions and availability zones.
  • Amazon EC2 encrypts and decrypts login credentials using the public– key.
  • AWS security groups are associated with EC2 instances and offer additional procedures and port access protection.
  • Amazon EC2 and Amazon VPC are two services provided by Amazon. Amazon Virtual Private Cloud enables you to set up a systematically confined section of the AWS Cloud from which you can deploy AWS resources in a virtual network of your choosing.

Why Amazon EC2?

AWS Elastic Compute Cloud offers numerous advantages, including the following:


This is the process of allocating resources based on consumption They either scale up or scale down in response to the change in demand.

Pay as you go:

You will be billed by the hour, and you will only be asked to pay for how much you have utilized. A corporation, TTT, may routinely use 100 servers, but on Mondays, it scales down to 50 servers. As a result, it only has to pay for 50 servers on those days, rather than the customary fee for the use of 100 servers. Even if you only utilize your Amazon EC2 instances services for a few hours, you only have to pay for that period.


Reliability AWS is distributed across 20 global regions with 61 availability zones (AZs), which benefits your business as it grows. This will also significantly raise the load rate of your application all over the world. You can still contain multiple versions of your application in different AZs so that the application does not crash if one data center fails or loses data.


Rather than just ten low-configuration machines, you can rent a single high-configuration machine with your favored operating system for your application. Elasticity is the feature that gave rise to the name Elastic Compute Cloud.

AWS EC2 Storage

Amazon EC2 storage consists of two types of storage:

  • Amazon EBS storage: Amazon Elastic Block Store provides block-level storage that is perfectly compatible with the EC2 instance. Furthermore, they are easily accessible and dependable, and they can connect to any working instance in the same Location.
  • Store Instances It is made up of one or more identical blocks. The magnitude of this instance and the number of devices usable vary depending on the instance type.

AWS EC2 can be used to directly evaluate EC2 resources such as instances and volumes. Furthermore, there are numerous tools available for monitoring EC2 resources, such as

  • AWS cloud formation user manual.
  • AWS cloud formation user guide.
  • AWS Elastic Beanstalk Developers User Guide.
  • EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.
  • AWS Ops Work User Guide.

Elastic Load Balancing

AWS ELB allocates received application traffic along with all numerous instances automatically. As your requirements transition, you can add or delete compute resources from your load balancer without disrupting the general flow of requests to your applications.

Cloudwatch by Amazon

Amazon Cloudwatch can be used to monitor statistical information for your instances and Amazon EBS volumes. Amazon Cloud Watch Events provides a near-real-time channel of scheme events describing changes to Amazon Web Services resources. Using Amazon's Cloudwatch, activating a Lambda function when a new AWS EC2 instance starts is carried out.

Amazon Cloudtrail

Amazon Cloudtrail monitors calls rendered to the AWS EC2 API (Application Programming Interface) for the personal account. It can be used for AWS Management Console, command-line tools, and other service calls.

Amazon EC2 Access EC2

This includes a web-based interface known as the Amazon EC2 console. Log in to the AWS Management Console and choose EC2 to locate the Amazon EC2 console. There are two ways to gain entry to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud:

  • AWS CLI (Command-Line Interface).
  • Amazon Web Services Tools for Windows Power Shell


EC2 is a very concise, widely used platform with generally lower pricing than close competitors Azure. The infinitely flexible platform with APIs and a diverse selection of additional software in the AWS marketplace, on the other hand, makes it appealing to cloud experts. It's a vast, highly extensible platform for moving your business to the cloud.