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The JOB statement marks the beginning of the workload or the job to the OS and instruct how to process the job. The syntax for JOB statement is,

//Jobname    JOB         <Positional Parameters>,<Keyword parameters>


JOBNAME:

This is a mandatory field which provides an id to the job. The length of the job name is 1 to 8 bytes.

JOB:

This is the keyword that identifies as JOB statement.

Positional Parameters:

Account information and programmer's name are 2 types of positional parameters. Account information is an optional parameter.

Account information: This parameter refers to the id of the department or person to whom the CPU time is billed.

//* A JOB statement with account information
//PROGPUB   JOB     (012)


Programmers Name: This parameter identifies the person submitting the job.

//* A JOB statement with account information and programmer's name
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE'


Keyword Parameter:

There are wide range of keyword parameter. The most common are CLASS, PRTY, TIME, NOTIFY, MSGCLASS, MSGLEVEL, RESTART, ADDRSPC, REGION, TYPERUN. You can refer IBM manual for more keyword parameters.

//*A sample JCL to run a cobol program
//PROGPUB JOB NOTIFY=&SYSUID,TIME=(,2)         
//STEP1 EXEC PGM=PROGRAM2                       
//STEPLIB DD DSN=PROGPUB.COBOL.LOADLIB,DISP=SHR 
//DD1 DD DSN=PROGPUB.FLATFILE.INPUT,DISP=SHR  
//DD2 DD DSN=DSRT061.FLATFILE.OUTPUT,DISP=SHR      
//SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=*                          
//SYSIN DD DUMMY 


CLASS:

The JOB CLASS determines the importance of the job based on the CLASS value. The CLASS takes a single alphanumeric value (A-Z, 0-9), which is setup during installation. Syntax is

CLASS=(A-Z or 0-9)

//*JCL Statement with JOB Class 'A'
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A

CLASS=A might have been setup for JOBs that need to be executed immediately. Typically, this setup is based on the organization.

PRTY:

This is the syntax for priority. This specifies the priority of the job within a job class. The value for priority ranges from 0-15 for JES2 and 0-14 for JES3. Higher the number, higher the priority.
If the jobs are queued with same class and same priority, then the jobs are executed based on First In First Out (FIFO). Syntax is

PRTY=(0-15 or 0-14)

//*JOB statements with different priorities
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A,PRTY=10
//PROGPUBB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A,PRTY=11


TIME:

The TIME parameter when coded in the JOB statement, defines the time limit for the entire JOB to execute all its steps. The default time value is 1440. If the time limit is exceeded, the system abends the JOB with S322 abend code.
The syntax is

TIME=(minutes,seconds)

Minutes range from 1 through 357912 (248.55 days)
Seconds range from 1 though 59

//*Different JCL statement with TIME parameter exmaples
//*Maximum CPU time for this JOB is 2 minutes
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=2

//*Maximum CPU time for this JOB is 2 seconds
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=(,2)

//*Maximum CPU time for this JOB is 5 minutes 20 seconds
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=(5,20)

//*Maximum CPU time for this JOB is maximum CPU time specified during installation
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=MAXIMUM

//*The following JOB statements removes any CPU time limit.
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=1440
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',TIME=NOLIMIT


NOTIFY:

This parameter takes the value of a TSO user-id. The system sends the job completion and status (normal or abnormal end) to the user-id specified in the NOTIFY parameter. Syntax is,

NOTIFY=USERID

//*TSO user id 'JOHN' is notified about the JOB status after completion
//PROGPUB    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A 


MSGCLASS:

This parameter takes a single alphanumeric value (A-Z, 0-9) which is setup during installation. MSGCLASS value specifies the output destination of the JOB and system message. Syntax is,

MSGCLASS=(A-Z or 0-9)

//*JCL statement with message class 'A'
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A,PRTY=10,MSGCLASS=A


MSGLEVEL:

This parameter specifies the level of output message to be routed to output device specified in MSGCLASS. Default message level is (1,1) It has 2 sub parameters and the syntax is,

MSGLEVEL=(STATEMENT,MESSAGE)

Statement:

0 Prints only JOB statement.
1 Prints entire JCL and expands procedure.
2 Prints entire JCL without expanding procedure.

Message:

0 Prints all the allocation messages only if the job ends abnormally.
1 Prints all the allocation messages whether the job ends normally or abnormally.

 

//*JCL statement with message level (0,1)
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A,PRTY=10,MSGCLASS=A,
//                                     MSGLEVEL(0,1)


RESTART:

Usually this statement is used to restart an aborted job by specifying a step name. The syntax is

RESTART=SETPNAME

//PROGPUB    JOB     RESTART=STEP2,NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A
//STEP1      EXEC    PGM=PROGRAM1
//DD         .........
//STEP2      EXEC    PGM=PROGRAM2
//.......


ADDRSPC:

This parameter is used to specify the address space for the JOB to run. By default, it is virtaul address space. This allows or prohibits the job from being paged. It is not advised to use the REAL address space as it will reduce the system performance. Syntax is,

ADDRSPC=VIRT or REAL

//*JCL statement with address space set to use REAL storage
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,CLASS=A,PRTY=10,ADDRSPC=REAL


REGION:

The REGION parameter specifies the amount of virtual storage a job can use. Every step in the job gets that amount of virtual storage as requested via the REGION parameter. Syntax is

REGION=(nK/nM)

where n ranges from 1k to 2096128k in kilobytes and 1M to 2047M in Megabytes.
When the region parameter is coded with 0k or 0m, the system allocates optimum storage for that job.
If a job requires more storage than the one allocated via REGION parameter, the system abends with system code on 80A or 804.

//*List of different JCL statements with region parameter
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,REGION=0k

//*Another example
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,REGION=4092K

//*Another example
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,REGION=4M


TYPERUN:

This parameter has 3 values using which we can either check the JCL for error or hold the job for later execution.

TYPERUN=SCAN

This is used to scan the job for any error related to syntax, misspelled characters etc. The job is not run and the resouces are not allocated when using the SCAN value for TYPERUN parameter.

TYPERUN=HOLD

This is used to hold the JOB for later execution. The JOB remains in the input queue until the JOB is explicitly released by the operator.

TYPERUN=COPY

This is to print the JCL without running the JOB.

//*List of different JCL statements with TYPERUN parameter
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,TYPERUN=SCAN

//*Another example
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,TYPERUN=HOLD

//*Another example
//PROGPUBA    JOB     (012),'JOHN DOE',NOTIFY=JOHN,TYPERUN=COPY, MSGCLASS=A